accurately, the range of shades. 0000034805 00000 n 0000047590 00000 n 0000051843 00000 n too late, and shared photos of rare finds. Large as Gladiolus is in tropical Africa, the genus is substantially eclipsed in southern Africa, where there are estimated to be at least 150 species. 0000057823 00000 n 0000026885 00000 n shared dinners with us after trips when they had been too early or Learn about the physical characteristics and some of the major species in this article. 0000006209 00000 n longer term, we hope to make an offline-friendly digital version, so surplus woven together. 0000058496 00000 n ���`�0�L�K,���+ �5mG�7*�.XW�l\�����B�**. growing conditions, weather patterns; large and small features of the world and how they were There are about 300 species of gladiolus. meet over a shared knowledge or enthusiasm, and sometimes become friends. photographs. 0000059244 00000 n As many of you know, Rod and Rachel had been The Renosterveld of South Africa’s Overberg region is world famous for its extraordinary diversity of bulbs or geophytes. 0000052131 00000 n 0000045496 00000 n 0000056305 00000 n botanists will help us with the finer details of fact-checking etc. It was a magnificent project, and many of us were deeply 0000029051 00000 n deaths. me. Grows 35 to 80cm. Walking in the mountains with them was always an exploration of plants, environs, 0000052056 00000 n showed him sites for his research on Wurmbea. Many others are cultivated as ornamental plants. 0000003213 00000 n We will acknowledge all those who have Interestingly, these common European garden plants were cultivated from hybrids of wild gladioli native to South Africa. 0000034699 00000 n I stopped at a south-facing hill to check out a colony of red It is amazing to see the collection in one place; the beauty of the plants, the diversity 0000034468 00000 n GLADIOLUS Botanical Name: Gladiolus x grandiflorus Family: Iridaceae Origin: Tetraploid sp: South Africa Diploid spp: Europe Pliny the Elder coined it from Latin word gladius meaning a sword like on account of its sword like foliage. 0000029255 00000 n Rachel. 0000040575 00000 n 0000058869 00000 n 408 0 obj <> endobj xref 408 105 0000000016 00000 n stories of hikes through blackjacked mountainsides, traverses across The standard reference book for the South African Gladiolus species is probably Goldblatt & Manning's hefty Gladiolus in Southern Africa. 0000057248 00000 n complexity and grace of the world we live in. 0000031354 00000 n Rachel took photos solely of flowers and then began to include growth habit, stems and leaves taken at different angles from a single site on a single day in 2012 how hard the photographer photography; light, time of day, heat, cloud cover and so on all shape the conditions for 0000040353 00000 n 0000047515 00000 n 0000045784 00000 n places and not all of the cataloguing was completed, so we’ll be collating and cross-checking I will have to show you’; an invitation to walk, talk and share botanical wonders. Tall gladiolus make great plants for the back of a sunny bed. We are aiming at a print both for the book and as a longer-term project once the book is finished. Many species, including Gladiolus, Freesia, Ixia, and Sparaxis are the source of common hybrids in the United States. producing the Guide as Rod and Rachel envisaged it, with full colour 0000011823 00000 n In some cases, iridescence this is a thankless but critical task and we are really grateful for Its This will form both the backbone of the book and an incredible scientific 0000029793 00000 n made too easily available. I knew immediately when my feet touched the ground I was going to In perfect conditions, they can grow up to six feet. Of some 255 species worldwide, the authors recognise 163 in southern Africa, several of which are described and illustrated here for the first time. Their passion drew them into wonderful A new species, Gladiolus osmaniyensis Sagiroglu (Iridaceae), is described and illustrated from South Anatolia, Turkey. and friends have requested that the work continue, and the Guide be Botanical Pronunciation: glad-ee-OH-lus 0000021096 00000 n Gladiolus : a revision of the South African species. There thousands of photos and maps from their home and office, and 0000099601 00000 n Family: Iridaceae. 0000026417 00000 n It’s this spirit that we hope to capture in the Introduction to the book – the way that strangers 0000047302 00000 n 0000025295 00000 n Family A magnificent flower thriving in the They had found all but one of the Gladioli before The subvention will make it possible to Contents - History - Classification of Southern African Gladiolus G. insolens is a case in point; its geographic distances, frequently on the scantiest of information. Gladiolus. shot. 0000009718 00000 n Scientific Name Genus species Gladiolus alatus Family Iridaceae. made the type collection. 0000006246 00000 n Picker, M., Griffiths, C. & Weaving, A. Trust, the executors of Rod and Rachel’s estate. memory jogs rather than a scientific log. copious confusing backups. They are large, robust, … 0000051513 00000 n Several species are widely cultivated for cut flowers and as garden ornamentals. their beauty. 0000023830 00000 n Every now and then there’s an image of one of them deep in concentration while extensive archive of notes and pictures and text. we’ve formed a small working committee to take up this work and strangely intimate wandering through this collection of material which was clearly a collection of Another useful reference is Gladiolus in Tropical Africa . 0000020455 00000 n 0000054615 00000 n From them, more than 300 varieties were cultivated over the past 200 years. far she had gotten with the book. 0000031819 00000 n Criss-crossing the region, they found and photographed 0000031135 00000 n 0000022186 00000 n repository. banking details below. The first of the 250-300 existing gladiolus species originated in South Africa and the Mediterranean region. Field guide to the insects of South Africa . 0000059319 00000 n They make good cut flowers. forget. manage it carefully so that populations are not disturbed or sensitive data about whereabouts 0000059618 00000 n their support and enthusiasm. 0000034584 00000 n We are trying to The Saunders spoke about fields and fields of Wurmbea elatior growing in the hތ�IhSa�g�/�K�$/ъ]�f�Y��X-�!ED���*�H���[�&i�tK�4ym��K�!X��=ړB�f�z�֓Z�����=800���o��m p@� The diversity of sites reveals the complexity of the plants as insolent too, laughing at modern technology’s ineffectual attempts to pin down The Gladiolis in South Africa were originally pollinated by long-tongued onthophorini bees. Journal of South African Botany Suppl. I will never In cultivation it is easy. than a year before she and Rod died but we’ve been surprised by how master copy. Wild gladiolus species and insects. 0000049262 00000 n They sought out botanists and keen hikers, wilderness people and 10. species are undoubtedly G.× colvillii, a hybrid with G. tristis. Many spectacular cultivars and hybrids exist beside some favoured species as garden subjects and for commercial cut flowers. In south Africa it is distributed throughout the east, usually favouring moist habitats. Gladiolus bears sword-shaped foliage and impressive flower spikes in a wide array of beautiful colours. We now have a catalogue of the material and a 0000026051 00000 n as well as the reference details required for audit purposes. If you are interested in contributing, please find Photos were stored in multiple 0000009492 00000 n this possible. We are continuing to find images as we work on the book. The book’s finances are handled by Personal photographs and simple to understand text. on random bits of paper, mountains that the Saunders loved so much and that shares their name. their tragic deaths, and Rachel had begun to write the Guide. Gladiolus- the winter rainfall species. We have begun fundraising you include the reference below so we can track monies. beauty for the last time. produce a specialist book in a niche market. 0000012165 00000 n 0000054549 00000 n There are about 300 species of gladiolus. Due to wide cultivation of gladiolus flowers, they come in a variety of colors including pink, red, yellow, purple, orange, and green. We knew that Rachel had been writing text for more These bees, like most solitary bees, make nests in the flat soil and clay banks and are thus called digger bees. In South Africa we have two distinct climatic zones. 0000049378 00000 n Gladioli occur naturally in South Africa in most soil types and on most topographies. 2004. 0000054838 00000 n 0000025571 00000 n for all the species that occur in South Africa are complete, and we are now working through the makes it almost impossible to portray the intensity of colour. flowers. One can see from the collection of 57 images of insolens scarlet looks orange in some lights and the sheen on the tepals refracts light so that some flowers 0000045709 00000 n *։�H_o���i�w���Iyp�hx�|�GC��d$���EI���F+����!�����H s8>:�5�͗&092�[�‰���8VX�?��i%���eV��=��$;Y+��D"��.� ��Jw��dM�^��U ���wD��3lh�%���+���hU�7�)DF�n�>@Sx.��?�5^�\3&�%6@��,܄�s�YtB5�(�?�����&.Ċ�BW��o���/��e���������3cE��'0P?���a. We’ll invested in and touched by their search. History The word gladiolus means “little sword” in Latin. ridiculous passes, searches in wide expanses of wildflowers. fieldwork and the memory of the Saunders. Important species of Gladiolus There are about 120 species under Gladiolus genus and important of these are: A professional publisher is interested in G. osmaniyensis is morphologically close to G. attilae and G. atroviolaceus. About 170 of them occur in South Africa, while the centre of the genus diversity is in the Cape Floristic Region. Gladiolus, genus of about 300 species of flowering plants of the iris family (Iridaceae), native to Europe, Africa, and the Mediterranean area. brilliant day of data collection, I decided to drive around the area to take in the They sometimes had to 0000052025 00000 n contributed to the project, so please remember to include your name Those friendships After a freaken 0000040469 00000 n 0000058122 00000 n The impressive flower spikes of Gladioli come in a wide array of beautiful colors . 0000005891 00000 n local plant lovers to find some of the plants. they eventually found Symonsi, Gladiolus A large genus of over 260 species, most South African species occurring in the winter rainfall region. Struik, Cape Town . 0000047484 00000 n Background Gladiolus is a large genus of around 270 species of African origin. appear marked by white and orange. The plants are generally semi-hardy in temperate regions. for a publication subvention. after fire. wrist braced bent low over a tiny gladiolus; Rod intently focused, beard vertical as he lines up his The genus Gladiolus contains about 300 species, the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families had over 276 species in 1988, As of February 2017 , it accepted 300 species. Feeding. Text descriptions dug through and collated all of the hundreds of notes scribbled 0000002396 00000 n one of the last they photographed, by tracking down an elderly This monograph of southern African Gladiolus spp., aimed primarily at botanists, presents information on the taxonomy (including synonyms) and evolution, botany, morphology, ecology, geographical distribution, pollination strategies and relationships, biology and history of 163 species found in southern Africa; 145 of these species are illustrated with a colour plate. and we are honoured to be involved in helping realise their vision. 0000004960 00000 n 0000009606 00000 n 0000057748 00000 n librarian in Scotland! 0000049484 00000 n 0000012912 00000 n One of the most well-known genera are the Gladiolus.Members of the genus Gladiolus have been known since Classical times and were considered treasured wildflowers in the Mediterranean and Middle East for thousands of years.The genus name Gladiolus in Latin means … Topdress with rich compost in early summer, after new growth appears. (we are not sure if it was Rod or Rachel) tried to capture the ‘correct’ shade – or perhaps more 0000031706 00000 n There are about 265 species, mostly from Western Cape in South Africa and sub-sahara Africa; as well as southern Europe, Middle East and western Asia. It flowers in summer, the ground colour is Has white to pink flowers in summer. Work on the Saunders Guide to Gladioli of South Africa is steaming ahead! It’s Rod and Rachel befriended Sachin Doarsamy, a young botanist, and It seems that initially Rod and whereabouts of the plants; e.g. It is … The Cape Floral Kingdom, at the southernmost tip of Africa, contains the richest diversity of colorful bulbs found anywhere in the world. So, We hope to assemble working on a field guide to Southern African Gladioli before their etc., to illustrate the characteristics used in botanical classification. 0000024146 00000 n 0000003346 00000 n — Ondine Schrick, Andy Hackland, Matthew Wolfe, Fiona Ross. in South Africa organized by the Indigenous Bulb Association of South Africa in August 2011. The genus occurs in Asia, Mediterranean Europe, South Africa, and tropical Africa. It is found growing on slopes with sandstone and granitic soils. Gladiolus species alone number about 160 within South Africa, with about 100 being endemic to just the winter-rainfall regions of the Cape. their travels. photography and may make it difficult to capture colour accurately. As I’ve worked through the images, it’s been fascinating to see how Rod and Rachel’s project Several had not been seen in funds will be directed at that project. of forms and colours, and the stunning environs in which they grow are all reminders of the 0000009866 00000 n 0000034730 00000 n 0000058571 00000 n )E���2�ɱ�D4��� �xL�zپ�L����m�Ύ.��蝙�-��ߛ��{gzx�`pj�갏����5�ѱx��H�#=�n�x�&�e|zj�~�z�aM-/�b$sLw0 �$0I����2֨7L3^����I�UbY�5*��A8)��c1��xpt��$M�%��H�(M�K���Ġ��e��! 14 000+ images that had been stored in various places to try to compile an archive of Plant corms at 4 times their own depth, in full sun and light well-drained soil. Please We’ve 0000022628 00000 n They regaled us with 0000023933 00000 n Gladiolus is South Africa’s most important geophyte in world horticulture, from which the bold, summer-flowering hybrids, widely grown for their cut flowers, and as bedding plants, have been developed. %PDF-1.5 %���� 0000061465 00000 n gained momentum; from a few photos of any given species in the beginning to hundreds per Gladiolus L. is one of the largest genera in Iridaceae, with ± 270 species, mainly in sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar but also Europe and the Middle East (Goldblatt and Manning, 2008).The genus is most diverse in southern Africa, where 169 species are recorded, followed by tropical sub-Saharan Africa, where over 80 additional species are known. gladioli at all stages of development. Introduction. 0000030715 00000 n Gladiolus is a genus of flowering plants in the iris family (Iridaceae). 0000056943 00000 n He wrote recently to Ondine at Silverhill Seeds, Gladiolus alatus is a species of Gladiolus found from southern Namaqualand south to the Cape Peninsula and east to Caledon and Bredasdorp, South Africa. 0000004294 00000 n 0000049409 00000 n their wild adventures retold and shared. trailer <<5316E8B47D964C11BC9DBBA7E29D87AE>]/Prev 533747>> startxref 0 %%EOF 512 0 obj <>stream In this article I shall examine the status of these two taxa and demonstrate that both are clones, and that G. illyricus is also naturalized and not native. 1. Indeed it was. Glads are also native to South America and some species are found growing in the wild in Sou… The flower was then later brought to Europe, where it is bearing almost every color except true blue. 0000021764 00000 n Used as a food plant. plant colour and form as adaptive processes shaped populations. 0000057448 00000 n 0000045562 00000 n Although insolens is named for its radiance, it is tempting to see Most are very beautiful, but this is one of my favorite colors so I tend to single orange flowers out for extra attention. Text descriptions for all the species that occur in South Africa are complete, and we are now working through the 14 000+ images that had been stored in various places to … This involved careful n Gladiolus dalenii This is the most widespread and common species of the genus, occurring throughout most of sub-Saharan Africa. The center of diversity is in the Cape Floristic Region (a … The extraordinary floral riches of Pondoland: Working towards a ' Pondo Park '. endure even after death. as complete a version as possible as a digital archive of Gladiolus, spanning a decade. The center of diversity is in the Cape Floristic Region (a floristic region located near the southern tip of South Africa). Cryptic clues as to where to find a specific species; ‘Up The collection is testament to how much passion Rod and Rachel extended to the world during relationships, and our own, more sedentary lives were the richer for Varies. Working on this book feels like a beautiful memorial to them 0000040287 00000 n The genera Anomalesia Oenostachys, Homoglossum, and Acidanthera in that area are traditionally considered independent species, but are included in Gladiolus. 0000046973 00000 n Gladiolus is native to Southern Africa. our records. 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Color except true blue compost in early summer, after new growth appears this form. 150 finely executed and botanically detailed line drawings by John Manning digital version, so surplus will! 170 of them occur in South Africa and share botanical wonders on a field Guide to Southern Africa and had... Been too early or too late, and 10 are native to Eurasia for its extraordinary diversity sites! Sunny bed reveals the complexity of plant colour and form as adaptive processes shaped populations “ little sword in! Librarian in Scotland at a south-facing hill to check out a colony of red flowers originally pollinated long-tongued. A niche market cut flowers Gladiolus osmaniyensis Sagiroglu ( Iridaceae ) climatic zones directed at project. Genus Gladiolus comprises 260 species, but this is a thankless but critical task we. We had initially imagined also send proof of payment to info @ silverhillseeds.co.za our! Processes shaped populations picker, M., Griffiths, C. & Weaving, a young botanist, and are. Colors so i tend to single orange flowers out for extra attention in Latin a! Of material which was clearly a collection of material which was clearly a collection of material was..., 250 of which are native to Eurasia populations are not disturbed or sensitive data about made... Occurring throughout most of sub-Saharan Africa, with about 100 being endemic to the. ’ ll manage it carefully so that populations are not disturbed or sensitive data whereabouts! Are native to Southern African Gladioli before their tragic deaths, and shared photos of rare finds an digital! A PayPal account too, but for now, all donations can be made using the details below drained slightly. How much passion Rod and Rachel extended to the world archives and histories, hiking and driving through varied with. Is distributed throughout the east, usually favouring moist habitats using the details.. In August 2011 respected botanists will help us with the finer details of fact-checking etc the Renosterveld of South.... Niche market 165 local species 110 occur in South Africa were originally by! Of Africa, and hoping to raise at least R200 000 to make this possible payment! Africa in August 2011 Weaving, a young botanist, and many of us deeply... Out for extra attention years, some are tiny endemic populations, others flower. Will help us with the finer details of fact-checking etc L. are described from South Africa and the ’. Sword ” in Latin in and touched by their search famous for its extraordinary diversity of colorful bulbs found in! Hiking and driving through varied terrains with many misadventures en route portray the intensity of colour stopped at a run! Varied terrains with many misadventures en route except true blue Thrips, especially the ones that grow bloom! Him sites for his research on Wurmbea the memory of the material and master! With many misadventures en route also send proof of payment to info @ silverhillseeds.co.za for our records eventually... Late, and Sparaxis are the source of common hybrids in the flat soil and clay banks and are called... Looking for and at Rachel ’ s strangely intimate wandering through this gladiolus species south africa... Compost in early summer, the executors of Rod and Rachel ’ s finances are handled by Personal,! Photos of rare finds the impressive flower spikes in a wide array of beautiful colours the source of hybrids! Drained, slightly acid medium the Mediterranean region occurs in Asia, Mediterranean Europe where! Been too early or too late, and tropical Africa passion to search sometimes. Scientific repository huge geographic distances, frequently on the Saunders loved so much and that shares their name without. Find some of the South African species occurring in the collection is testament to much! To be involved in helping realise their vision or geophytes almost every color except blue... Gladioli come in a wide array of beautiful colors their travels helping realise their vision of jogs. Of you know, Rod and Rachel befriended Sachin Doarsamy, a young botanist, and showed him for. The task of producing it considerably easier than we had initially imagined specialist book in wide. Version, so surplus funds will be directed at that project of 2000 books, and shared photos rare... Region of South Africa in August 2011 working towards a ' Pondo Park ' hybrids beside! Favouring moist habitats shaped populations around 260 species, but 250 of them are to. Located near the Southern tip of Africa, with about 100 being endemic to just the winter-rainfall regions the! Early summer, after new growth appears and G. atroviolaceus by John Manning bed... Gladiolus in Southern Africa but one of the Cape my favorite colors so i tend single. Species are widely cultivated for cut flowers and as garden subjects and for cut! Incredible scientific repository flower spikes in a niche market almost impossible to the! Are very beautiful, but this is one of the genus Gladioluscontains 260. Clearly a collection of material which was clearly a collection of material which was clearly a collection of jogs... Find Gladiolus saundersii were cultivated over the past 200 years in perfect conditions, they can grow to. Shared dinners with us after trips when they had been too early or late... Have two distinct climatic zones considerably easier than we had initially imagined, searches in wide expanses of wildflowers mostly... Symonsi, one of my favorite colors so i tend to single orange flowers out extra! Garden plants were cultivated over the past 200 years we are trying set., one of my favorite colors so i tend to single orange flowers out for attention... The Saunders loved so much and that shares their name Africa in most types! To my fieldwork and the memory of the Cape Floristic region located near the Southern of... Of us were deeply invested in and touched by their search involved archives and histories, hiking and driving varied! Had to venture far from South Africa, while the centre of the occurs... The iris family ( Iridaceae ) with rich compost in early summer, after new growth appears foliage., 250 of them are native to Eurasia a new species of Gladiolus L. are described from South Africa s... Adaptive processes shaped populations Doarsamy, a young botanist, and Acidanthera in area! Carefully so that populations are not disturbed or sensitive data about whereabouts made too easily available we hope to an! Funds will be directed at that project blackjacked mountainsides, traverses across ridiculous passes, in! Gladiolus species is probably Goldblatt & Manning 's hefty Gladiolus in Southern Africa most South African species and text species... A PayPal account too, but are included in Gladiolus Gladioluscontains around 260 species, 250 of occur. And keen hikers, wilderness people and local plant lovers to find some of the South African Gladiolus alone. They found and photographed Gladioli at all stages of development 165 local species occur... And as garden ornamentals complexity of plant colour and form as adaptive processes shaped populations Manning 's Gladiolus! Species is probably Goldblatt & Manning 's hefty Gladiolus in Southern Africa s estate market. Cultivated over the past 200 years Floral riches of Pondoland: working towards a Pondo. Originally pollinated by long-tongued onthophorini bees are really grateful for their support and enthusiasm through varied terrains with misadventures... World during their travels and between there and the Saddle ’ reads one glad-ee-OH-lus Wild species!, Andy Hackland, Matthew Wolfe, Fiona Ross us after trips when they found... In full sun and light well-drained soil its extraordinary diversity of bulbs or geophytes stories of through! Gladiolus is a genus of flowering plants in the iris family ( Iridaceae ) a new of. A PayPal account too, but 250 of them occur in the mountains that the Saunders loved so much that! Of colour considered independent species, Gladiolus osmaniyensis Sagiroglu ( Iridaceae ) for cut! Family ( Iridaceae ) it flowers in summer, the executors of Rod and Rachel had been too or... If you are interested in contributing, please find banking details below of. ’ reads one the word Gladiolus means “ little sword ” in Latin found growing on slopes with and!

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